02 FEBRUARY RAJKUMARI AMRIT KAUR (1889 to 1964)
Born on 02 February 1889 in Lucknow, Amrit Kaur was part of the Kapurthala royal family. After her education in England, she returned to India with the mission to transform India – not just break the colonial chains but also erase the prevailing oppressive social norms. In response to Gandhiji’s clarion call, she gave up her affluent lifestyle to join India’s fight for freedom. In 1927, she helped found the All India Women’s Conference (AIWC), an organisation that has since dedicated itself to women's empowerment. In Independent India, Amrit Kaur became the first woman to join the cabinet as the Health Minister. She was the force behind the establishment of the country’s premier medical institute: The All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS). Amrit Kaur was also the Chairperson of the Indian Red Cross for fourteen years. She passed away on 06 February 1964.