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Famously known as the City of Lakes, Bhopal is the capital city of Madhya Pradesh.
The city’s architectural legacy and vibrant culture are a testament to the coexistence of tradition and modernity. Its diverse history encompasses the reign of powerful monarchs, especially the female rulers of the 19th and 20th centuries, who have left an indelible mark on Bhopal’s identity. For both settlers and visitors, Bhopal's beauty extends beyond its lakes and encompasses verdant hills, historic forts, and well-maintained gardens. 


The history of Bhopal as an independent state begins from the time of Paramara Rajputs. Between the 7th to 11th centuries they emerged as an influential ruling dynasty over the Malwa region. Raja Bhoja, who founded Bhopal during the 11th century, is considered one of the most illustrious rulers of the Paramara dynasty. After his death, the city became a battlefield between warlords vying for power in the region before the Gonds established their control over the area. By the early 18th century, Bhopal was taken over by the Afghans and their descendants continued to rule the city for two centuries till India became an independent country.

Click below to read more about the interesting history of the city.

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The history and culture of Bhopal can be seen in the city’s historic monuments, natural heritage and living traditions across the streets. Click on the link below to explore the legacy of different dynasties:

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Click on the pins to navigate through the city

Built Heritage

Streets and Bazaars

Living Traditions

Natural Heritage



×Shaukat Mahal

This palace was given as a wedding present to a powerful female monarch of Bhopal.



×Ahmedabad Walled City Complex

This walled city was constructed by Nawab Sultan Jahan Begum in remembrance of her deceased husband.



×Kushabhau Thakre Hall

This Hall was established to commemorate the 90th anniversary of the Anglo-Bhopal Treaty (1818).


×Gauhar Mahal

This Palace was used as the residence of the first female ruler of Bhopal.



×Jama Masjid

A French traveller has described this mosque as a fine edifice built in a simple style.



×Taj Mahal Complex

This complex was located within a walled city called Shahjahanabad.


×Jehan Numa Palace

This Palace is one of the most beautiful heritage properties of Bhopal.


×Fatehgarh Fort Complex

The  Fatehgarh Fort complex marks the beginning of the princely state of Bhopal.


×Moti Masjid

This Masjid is designed like the famous Jama Masjid of Delhi.


×Raj Bhawan

The current Raj Bhawan was built as a residence for the British officers in Bhopal.


× Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL)

 The Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL) is associated with one of the world’s most devastating industrial disasters caused by negligence of safety measures.


×Sadar Manzil

This structure was built as the royal courthouse of the rulers of Bhopal.



×Benazir Palace

 It was used as the summer palace by Nawab Shah Jahan Begum. 



×Shankar Dayal Sharma

Dr. Shankar Dayal Sharma was a freedom fighter and politician, who had an impactful journey in Indian governance.  


×Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Manav Sangrahalaya

The Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Manav Sangrahalaya (IGRMS) showcases the diversity of Indian culture and the evolution of humanity through the ages.



× Tribal Museum

This Museum in Bhopal celebrates and showcases India’s tribal communities.



×Barkatullah Bhopali

This freedom fighter from Bhopal inspired the fight for India’s independence in foreign lands.



×Barkatullah University

This University was renamed after a freedom fighter from Bhopal.



×Gandhi Medical College Complex

The complex comprises several significant medical institutions in the city.


×Maulana Azad Central Library

The Maulana Azad Central Library was established as the Edward Museum.


×Government Hamidia Arts & Commerce College

The College was commissioned by the last ruler of the princely state of Bhopal, Nawab Hamidullah Khan.


×Raja Bhoja

The founder of Bhopal was a legendary warrior, ruler and scholar.


×Mamola Bai

Mamola Bai is believed to be the first female ruler of Bhopal.


×State Museum

The State Museum of Bhopal consists of around 17 thematic galleries.



×Zari Zardozi

 Zari Zardozi is a style of embroidery that is believed to have existed in India since the Vedic times.



×Bhopali Batua

This small purse was used as a diplomatic gift and became a fashion statement.




Bhopal's cuisine is a harmonious blend of tradition and innovation.



×Van Vihar

Van Vihar National Park in Bhopal is a sanctuary for diverse flora and fauna. 



×Kaliyasot River

The Kaliyasot River plays a significant role in the local ecosystem and enhances the scenic beauty of Bhopal.



×Iqbal Maidan

 This street in Bhopal is named after a famous Urdu poet.


×Chowk Bazaar

Chowk Bazaar is a hub of cultural and commercial activities.


×Iqbal Library

This library is believed to be one of the oldest repositories of rare books in the city.


×Birla Museum

The galleries of this museum showcase the avatars of various Hindu deities.


×Rani Kamlapati

The Kamlapati Palace in Bhopal is named after a brave Gond queen.


Glimpses of Bhopal