06 OCTOBER Dr MEGHNAD SAHA (1893 to 1956)
Dr Meghnad Saha was a great Indian astrophysicist. He was born on 06 October 1893 in Seoratali (present-day Bangladesh). By 1920, Meghnad Saha had established himself globally as one of the leading physicists of the time. One of Saha’s biggest achievements was the formulation of the famous equation that has come to be known as the ‘Saha Ionization Equation’, used to describe chemical and physical conditions in stars. His work allowed astronomers to accurately relate the spectral classes of stars to their actual temperatures. He was elected to the Parliament of India in 1952. In 1935, Saha founded the Indian Science News Association in Calcutta, and in 1949, he established the Institute of Nuclear Physics, now known as the Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics. Saha played a prominent role in developing scientific institutions across the country. In 1935-36, he was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Physics. Dr Meghnad Saha passed away on 16 February 1956.
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